In the twelfth century the Malatesta family, from their fortress began to consolidate their power over the Marecchia valley and the territory of Rimini. In the fourteenth century (from 1355) the Malatestas ruled Rimini and began to expand their lands in the regions of Romagna, Marche and Tuscany. The contrast with their neighbor, the House of Montefeltro, rulers of the Duchy of Urbino, became bitterer. The mid-fifteenth century saw contrasts and clashes between the two major representative of the rival Houses: Sigismondo Malatesta and Federico of Montefeltro. Over a space of same years, these two powerful rivals renovated their entire defense systems, which included dozens of fortresses, castles and towers, many of them great works that have remained landmarks in European culture.
Santarcangelo "Città d'Arte" grew up in roman times, the first settlement took place around 268 BC. The building of the great road, the Via Emilia which now cuts through the town, encouraged commerce and so the population increased becoming without a doubt one of the most interesting and evocative historic centers in the Rimini region. The old town center is a lively place of well-kept houses and mansion, narrow streets leading to little squares where there is always something going on. Famous is "Santarcangelo dei Teatri" a workshop dedicated to street and avant-garde theatre since1971. Also the "Grotte Tufacee" built over a network of beautiful, mysterious caves; the hollow spaces inside them are of notable architectural merit, like the Rocca Malatestiana (fortress of the XIV century). Is worth to pay a visit at the Marchi Historic Dye-Works where today is still printing fabrics with rust-dyed folk motifs. And finally doesn't get unnoticed the smell and the flavor of the typical restaurants in down-town.
Verucchio Between the ninth and the seventh centuries BC, Verucchio was home to a highly civilized people, probably of Etruscan origin, who have left us amazingly refined examples of art and culture; a people knows as the Villanovians. A number of archeological digs have brought to light rare and beautiful finds: woven fabrics, artifacts in wood and bronze, ceramics, precious gold and amber jewelry, arms, and objects of everyday use. The great throne of inlaid wood recovered during the excavations is almost unique. All these beautiful things are on display in the Archeological Museum housed in a former convent: both the artifacts themselves, and the setting, make this a museum of international standing.
San Leo Within the boundaries of the well-preserved sixteenth century center of San Leo there is a unique complex of religious monuments which fully justify the town's claim to be an important center of architectural arts. The Parish Church (the "Pieve") the Cathedral (the "Duomo"), the Watchtower (the "Torre campanaria") and the convent of Sant'Igne illustrate the whole cycle of Romanesque architecture. The fourteenth and the fifteenth century mansion that line the main Piazza are adorned with marble inscriptions and noble coats of arms. The Piazza was, and still is, the principle meeting place of the town, and between the sparkling murmur of the fountain and the fluttering of pigeons wings one can detect all the sounds and smell of the town. Especially the rich and delicious odors of the excellent local cuisine that are wafted from a myriad open doors and windows. San Leo offers the tourist who has "time to stand and stare" an ornately suggestive atmosphere of beauty, peace and serenity.
Montefiore Once the mediaeval capital of the Conca valley, this remains one of the best preserved towns in the Seignory. It has a special atmosphere; perhaps it is the mighty fortress (built in 1300) with its severe outline, visible even from the coast, or perhaps it is the woods and countryside around the town, the craftsmen in their workshop (pottery workshop in Via Roma), the Curina gateway (XIV-XV century) the flowers along the streets, the ancient rituals, or the splendid view of the Apennines and the Romagna coast. Is not coincidence that Montefiore forms part of the prestigious "Most Beautiful Small Towns in Italy" trail. The town offers plenty of entertainment, festivals, concerts and art exhibitions. Montefiore today is creating its future as a hospitable town where ancient treasures are displayed in a new way.
San Giovanni in Marignano it is the entrance of Valconca, a few kilometres from the beaches of Cattolica, arise around its firsts hills. The town economic development is strictly related with the agriculture exploitation of the valley and with an extremely fertile, tidily cultivated countryside. Rich of first rate corn ad wine. It had an import role during the domination of the Malatesta as is appears from the structure of its county as well as from its Ancient fortresses. San Giovanni is also the official seat of several international firms, leaders in their market, which are high fashion and ship designing and construction. The wise recovery of its own culture, of its architectural buildings and its inner vocation for theatre and music made it one of the most active cultural poles of the county of Rimini. Famous for its fairs, markets and, for the magical Night of the Witches, when live again, according to the tradition, the old mysteries and charming of the summer solstice.
Mondaino is an ancient town whose history is full of important and significant events. Its first beauty is Piazza Maggiore, a circular square with an eighteenth century . Arcade called, from its inhabitants, "la Padella". Then there is the remarkable Fortress, with its Durantino's Hall, and its underground tunnels, and the near-by Arboreto, an oasis of peace and relax. In summer take place its most important festival the "Palio del daino". Visit its palaeontologic museum with its collection of fossils of plants and animals, which inhabited the area.
San Marino the smallest Republic in the world
The Republic of San Marino, was founded, according to traditions in 301 A.D. It has is own laws and singular institutions which regulate and superintended over the democratic life of the state, both within its border and on the international scenario. In this age of great changes and uncertainty, what could be more singulars then a small country that manages to maintain its independence, its freedom, against the arrogance of the strong and the infringements of rights? From the top of the Towers and the great square in front of the Government Building, the view dominates the region of Montefeltro and the green Adriatic Sea. From here can be perceived the 1700 years of history of a community that feels strong in its small numbers and within its short boundaries. From the walls of San Marino, from the great official buildings, from the heavy step of the militia, from the ancient ceremony which are repeated according to the same ritual and in the same solemn manner year after year, from the Crossbowmen and Flag-Throwers whose instruments are still those of olden days, this message sallies forth loud and clear: all you need to do is listen. Millions of tourist come every year, and so the Republic is not only one of the world's smallest nations and the oldest Republic in Europe, but also, in proportion to the number of inhabitants, the most visited country in the world.
Gradara "Ancient small world"
Gradara. situated at 142 meter above sea level, is the scene of the famous and tragic love of Paolo and Francesca. The first construction of the tower is dated back to 1150 followed by the built of the wings and surrounding walls. In the 1631 the fortress and all the Dukedom of Pesaro and Urbino becomes an uncontested property of Papal State, and finally in 1983 after being for 60 years a private property becomes a State property.
Distance from point of touristic interest: Ravenna Km. 40 Venezia Km. 190 Firenze Km. 180 Perugia Km. 240 Ferrara Km. 110 Grotte Frasassi Km. 120 Loreto Km. 130 Urbino Km. 90
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VILLAGE FAIRS AND FESTIVALS
MAY: Cattolica in Fiore in Cattolica
Blooming balcony in Santarcangelo di Romagna
Vespa day in Bellaria Igea Marina
JUNE: Bellaria Film Festival in Bellaria Igea Marina An independent movie Festival
The Witches Night in San Giovanni in Marignano
Note... of wine in San clemente
Harvest Festival in Bellaria Igea Marina
The living town. Cinema for Kids in Bellaria Igea Marina
JULY: Rocca di Luna in Montefiore Three nights around the full moon, entertainment, exhibitions, market and more...
Mediaeval pageants and jousting in Coriano
International Theatre Festival in Santarcangelo di Romagna
The Saraceni landing in Bellaria Igea Marina
Etnofestival in San Marino
AUGUST: Ottocento Festival in Saludecio Ten days of festival celebrating every aspect of the 19th century.
Palio del Daino in Mondaino Challenges and contests of Mediaeval end Renaissance inspiration.
SEPTEMBER: Honey Fair in Torriana
San Michele Fair (known also as Bird Fair) in Santarcangelo